meinhof noun classes


Noun prefixes generally indicate number, with the odd class numbers designating singular and the corresponding even class numbers designating plural. Noun classes []. While no language has all 22, Sesotho has 18. Bantu Languages. Nouns are put into noun classes (categories) based on their prefixes. Class 15 (go -) These are nouns formed from infinitive verbs (gerunds), such as go ya=to eat, go ithuta=to learn etc. Bleek). In most of the South-Eastern Bantu languages such as the Nguni and Sotho languages, some of the noun classes postulated by Meinhof do not occur while others have been reduced to a single noun class. Table 1 shows the noun class system for isiZulu and Runyankore, using Meinhof’s 1948 noun class … the nominal classification system, nouns are categorized by prefixal morphemes. Noun class pre xes are coupled as singular/plural pairs [14]. In his work, Meinhof looked at noun classes with all Bantu languages having at least 10 classes and with 22 classes of nouns existing throughout the Bantu languages, though his definition of noun class differs slightly from the accepted one, considering the plural form of a word as belonging to a different class … In his work, Meinhof looked at noun classes with all Bantu languages having at least 10 classes and with 22 classes of nouns existing throughout the Bantu languages. As a result, Bantu, with its complex prefix system, is set up … According to Carl Meinhof, the Bantu languages have a total of 22 noun classes called nominal classes (this notion was introduced by W.H.J. is recorded in Ewe as &NSm 19775 1) arguing that it is an mcient Niger-Congo consmcted back as fa as proto-'Volta- Congo md thus certaidy predating hon techology.The mot ha clearly undergone a … noun class system Meinhof (1932:39-40) identifies 21 noun classes in Ur-Bantu. Nouns comprise of two formatives, the pre x and the stem [14], where pre xes express number and are used to determine the class to which a particular noun belongs [14]. Noun classes are similar in concept to grammatical gender in many European languages, as the noun class determines how other words are inflected in concordance with the noun. Zulu nouns, like nouns in other Bantu languages, are divided into noun classes.Each class is given a number corresponding to the same equivalent class in other Bantu languages. Meinhof disregards, or is unaware of, the numerous languages of the Sudanese area which exhibit class prefixes or suffixes akin to those of Bantu. In isiZulu, nouns are made up of two parts: a prefix and a root. For example in the sentence "to learn is good" "to learn" is a noun which would be in this class; These nouns take subject marker go; Class 16,17,18 (fa-, ko- mo-) The final classes are called the locative classes … Several Bantu languages have a noun class … A noun prefix tells us what type of noun it is, and it tells us if the noun … We follow Meinhof’s (1932:48) numbering system, which distinguishes between 23 noun … In his work, Meinhof looked at noun classes with all Bantu languages having at least 10 classes and with 22 classes of nouns existing throughout the Bantu languages, though his definition of noun class differs slightly from the accepted one, considering the plural form of a word as belonging to a different class … While no single language is known to express all of them, most of them have at least 10 noun classes.

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