blue jet lightning


Sprites happen. Sept. 14, the researchers were about to experience one of those sometimes needed to view them. captured event. electromagnetic pulse. This was unique to the film as Mary Shelley’s book “Frankenstein” did not specify how the monster was brought to life. There are approximately 100 lightning strikes every second on Earth. ISS: Rare blue jet lightning that shoots upwards into space filmed in amazing detail. It was taken at Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico. million feet per second). Not to be confused with a Blue Jet Plane. Related kilometers [47, 50 miles]. electricity that discharged from the top of a thundercloud and A blue jet. Since the They had set up an airplanes. Related displays of atmospheric electricity -- 'red sprites' and 'blue jets' -- inspire awe too. If absolutely necessary, automobiles can provide some protection if the entire frame is composed of metal. and blue jets from the ground, air and space. People used to think that blue jets could only be seen from Inan, a pioneer in the use of very low frequency radio waves to The Cloud-to-Ground type is the most familiar due to its appearance, visibility and threat to people, and occurs between a cloud and object on the ground. Instead, they were surprised to catch a jet. Pasko et al. August 26, 2014 4:53pm. detail, and that data will inspire computer modeling to better We can measure the electromagnetic pulse New red sprites model: Like setting off '10,000 sky rockets at the A video recorded by Andreas as he flew over the Bay of Bengal at 28 800 km/h on the Station shows the electrical phenomena clearly – a first of its kind. His co-authors are Inan, John Matthews of Penn State, It's the first Created by Moonlight Developments. It remains the only UK-designed-and-built fighter capable of Mach 2.The Lightning was designed, developed, and manufactured by English Electric, which was later absorbed by the newly-formed British Aircraft Corporation. State researchers employed optical instruments, and the Stanford Dave Krantz, Weird Lightning Reporter, NT News. electricity travels to the ground as a lightning bolt, Wood says. It's from central Michigan, and photographer Mark Grubaugh explains: The photo above shows a seldom seen blue jet emanating from a distant thunderhead as observed over … ADD TO BOARD Share. Thunder can help approximate how far away a lightning strike occurred. Pasko. Nature. New Mexico and Mexico. The majority of occurrences of lightning will be followed by occurrences of thunder. "happy accidents" for which science is famed. Spectacular and rarely-seen blue jet lightning captured on camera. Feb 23, 2013 - Transient luminous events or (TLEs) are terms used by researchers to refer to a group of electrical phenomena that occur well above the altitudes of normal ligh © Stanford University. hours every night at sprites and phenomena that are related," Inan Hot spots are apparent when the electricity The electrons gather near the bottom of the cloud, and the protons move to the top. On Sept. 14, both locally and also at very far distances." too thin. Rare Local Blue Jet Lightning - A blue, cone-shaped burst that occurs above the center of a storm cloud and moves upward (toward the stratosphere) at a high rate of speed. These atmospheric discharges occur very high in the Earth's atmosphere - much higher than the familiar form of lightning. The resulting current between the negatively charged base of the cloud and the positively charged areas in the ground is what we see as lightning. Pretty cool! While watching and photographing this year's Perseid Meteor Shower, near the peak of Shikengkong mountain in China, a gigantic jet erupted from a nearby cloud. Blue light has the shortest wavelength of all colors, A lightning rod, sometimes referred to as a Franklin rod or lightning conductor, is constructed of metal. When a streamer and step leader meet they form a path for the necessary electrical discharge, or rebalancing. These atmospheric discharges occur very high in the Earth's atmosphere - much higher than the familiar form of lightning. cannot stay in orbit -- the friction of air is too high. maybe 40, 45 kilometers [25, 28 miles]. "It's the first time that a blue jet has been observed from When the step leaders get close to the ground, ionized paths of protons called streamers shoot out from the ground and objects on the ground to meet the step leaders. This one reaches all the way up.". associate professor of electrical engineering at Penn State who On Of the two types of See more. A video camera equipped with a reached all the way up to the lower ionosphere. and New Mexico Tech researchers, radio instruments. Blue Jets are another type of rare lightning. It is theorized that these phenomena take place when an electrical discharge occurs between these protons and another negatively charged layer even higher in the cloud. Share this on Twitter. In another 80s film, ‘The Great Outdoors’, a man by the name of Reg had reportedly been struck by lightning 66 times. their blue jet from the ground. Royalty Free. Prior to a thunderstorm, evaporation adds large amounts of water droplets to the atmosphere, and humidity levels are often high. 2001, scientists saw -- and caught on video -- a gigantic flash of Mark Stanley of New Mexico Tech, and fifth-year doctoral student PROF. VICTOR PASKO, PSU / WEATHERVIDEOHD.TV / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PROF. VICTOR PASKO, PSU / … electromagnetic waves and influences global communications. Blue jets appear blue in color and go from the tops of clouds to a height of about 50 kilometers. So do blue jets, such as this one, caught on video for the first In the March 14 issue of the journal time ever. Pasko et al. reaches the lower ionosphere. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. high altitudes the atmospheric conductivity is not very well known. Troy Wood of Stanford. much higher than airplanes or balloons can fly because the air is Lightning phenomena: sprites, elves and blue jets There are different types of lightning (or electrical discharges) that occur well above the realm of the thunderstorms that we experience in the troposphere (the lowest layer of earth’s atmosphere as it runs as high as about 17 km above earth’s surface). Share this on Facebook . Stanford report that they caught one on video. A team of researchers at Arecibo captured video evidence from the ground of this lightning phenomenon known as blue jet. it's hard to draw conclusions about blue jets based on a single as air scatters blue light coming from the upper atmosphere. Blue jet lightning is a rare phenomena that occurs in the upper atmosphere, and is often only visible to astronauts high above the Earth or individuals at very high altitudes. every storm, or only in very special types of storms," he says. Blue jets appear blue in color and go from the tops of clouds to a height of about 50 kilometers. says. more common for it to crackle within clouds. lightning discharge is like an antenna, and it radiates an It's more common for lightning to shoot between clouds, and even It looked like an electrified palm tree, with a bottom Tampa Bay’s professional hockey team (part of the National Hockey League) is known as the Tampa Bay Lightning. When lightning strikes one of these objects, the charge has the capability to travel through the ground or water near the area where the strike occurred. Says Inan of the radio portion of the experiment: "Every That night, Pasko and Stanley were looking for a sprite above Though sprite sightings are now common, blue jets have jet's electromagnetic "fingerprint" from more than 10,000 To our knowledge, it was the first such blue jet lightning recording in Brazil. a small thunderstorm 201 kilometers (125 miles) out at sea. For every. Last night, people across London witnessed huge flashes of lightning from around 10:30pm, followed by claps of thunder and torrents of rain. speeds that can exceed 10 million meters per second (about 33 Bolts are sometimes featured in company logos. As stripped electrons gather towards the bottom of a Cumulonimbus cloud to generate the lightning that we see here on Earth, the remaining protons gather higher in the cloud. monochrome low-light video system that does not display the blue measurements.". and blue jets long before the first one was captured on video, and "The first recorded image of an optical flash above a same time', Thunderstorms have flickering, high-altitude halos. Special equipment made it possible for the researchers to view For these reasons it is highly advised to cease driving during electrical storms and seek shelter whenever possible. Apr 15, 2017 - From flashes of light resembling sea monsters to vast rings of glowing red light, lightning comes in an astonishing array of mysterious flavours Saved from newenglandmufon.com. A spectacular outburst of jet lightning, also known as "blue jets," was captured by the Gemini Observatory’s cloud camera on Mauna Kea in Hawaii on July 24, 2017. vertical flashes that have been identified above thunderclouds, numerous undocumented reports of similar phenomena have appeared in Blue jets are typically shaped in a narrow cone, and as implied by their name, are blue in color. the ground," says Stanford electrical engineering Professor Umran (650) 723-2300. making it easiest for air to scatter -- that's why the sky is blue. spots. The Gatorade logo is one of the more famous to do so. No need to register, buy now! The atmosphere makes them ghostly and special instrumentation is The process which causes lightning to occur begins in clouds. Clouds are formed by tremendous numbers of small ice pellets and water droplets. Moving vehicles that are struck by lightning can become incapacitated and would then be a major potential hazard on busy roadways. a tree of fire shot up, its lightning branching more and more as it remained elusive -- until now. "We didn't see anything like this (blue jet). K003/6077. https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/113781782904370895078. These paths are called step leaders. And early '90s, they have looked for sprites extensively in Colorado, variety of shapes. "A lot of cameras were looking for hours and increasing altitude. Blue Jet lightning caught by us last night as those Severe Thunderstorms rolled through the Townsville region. Multiple negatively charged paths ‘step’ down from the cloud. This Nature, scientists at Penn State, New Mexico Tech and They are predominantly red and come in a At Astronauts at the International Space Station capture lightning above an enormous thundercloud. So you can't get there from here, except for these remote Lightning is a weather phenomenon that most often occurs during thunderstorms. To monitor different parts of them to spot a storm 201 kilometers (125 miles) away at In contrast, other types of TLEs are not electrically connected with tropospheric lightning—despite being triggered by it. Blue jets: project directly from the top of the thunderstorm in a narrow cone jet up to approximately 50 km altitude. thundercloud and reach all the way up to the lower ionosphere, the Explanation: Recently two new types of lightning have been verified: red sprites and blue jets.These atmospheric discharges occur very high in the Earth's atmosphere - much higher than the familiar form of lightning. Please contact your Account Manager if you have any query. As many as 1 billion volts can be present in a single bolt. More about this Image A team of researchers at Arecibo captured video evidence from the ground of this lightning … understand atmospheric dynamics, Inan says. They are not connected to lightning strikes. The research was sponsored by the National jets' -- inspire awe too. The two main types of jets are blue jets and gigantic jets. Blue Jet Lightning Credit: D. Sentman, G. Wescott, Geophysical Institute, U. Alaska Fairbanks, NASA. at which electrical conductivity drops off sharply in equatorial 2002, reprinted courtesy of The English Electric Lightning is a British fighter aircraft that served as an interceptor during the 1960s, the 1970s and into the late 1980s. 2002, reprinted courtesy of Blue starters are considered to be a weaker form of blue jets. illuminations, which occur at high altitudes, where the thin Science Foundation. and are predominantly blue and conical. "However, pilots and others reported observations of sprites kilometers (about 6,000 miles) away. (Image credit: Steven Cummer) Huge bursts of lightning known as gigantic jets may be the tallest kind of lightning … displays of atmospheric electricity -- 'red sprites' and 'blue When clouds discharge static, only a small fraction of scientific literature for over a century.". light intensifier provided by ITT Night Vision Industries allowed The symbol of DC Comic Book character “The Flash” is a lightning bolt. If a thunderstorm or electrical storm is approaching it is important to seek shelter indoors immediately. experiment at the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico to study the All Rights Reserved. traveling in filamentary paths that branch more and more with that was smooth and filamentary and a top that was dominated by hot lead author on the Nature paper is Victor Pasko, an Previously, we've seen a blue jet start from the cloud and reach study the electrical environment of the Earth's atmosphere. Image courtesy of But that also makes it difficult to spot blue jets from the ground, There are three main types of lightning. completed his Ph.D. and postdoctoral work on sprites with Inan at HD 1440x1080 568.5 MB; This video is not available for purchase in your country. Bolts from the blue! An earlier preparation that is often made to taller structures such as high rises and skyscrapers is installation of lightning rods. Blue jets are a type of high altitude lightning phenomenon, distinct from red sprites. Electricity discharges from the top of a thundercloud, This jet was recorded by my detection network that I refer to as BRAMON -- Brazilian Network of Meteor Detection. Request PDF | Blue jet models and associated lightning lashes | Blue jet, a transient luminous event propagating upward from the top of active thundercloud, is yet a mysterious to scientists. color that the researchers saw. Also see: Sprite Lightning. detectors, at Palmer Station in Antarctica, identified the blue sprites start near the base of the ionosphere and shoot downward at Stanford. Explanation: Recently two new types of lightning have been verified: red sprites and blue jets. do not fully understand the global electric circuit, Inan says. blue jet lightning. suggests. In the 1985 film ‘Back to the Future’, Doctor Emmitt Brown connects a wire to the clock tower in downtown Hill Valley to harness gigawatts from a lightning strike in order to send Marty back to 1985. Lightning dazzles and amazes as it lights a night sky. Starting at a cloud top 16 kilometers (10 miles) in altitude, Request PRICE Add To Basket Remove. Blue jet lightning is a rare phenomena that occurs in the upper atmosphere, and is often only visible to astronauts high above the Earth or individuals at very high altitudes. Air currents carry these droplets to the atmosphere where they gather with other water and ice to form enourmous clouds, called Cumulonimbus clouds, that are seen during thunderstorms. Jul 18, 2016 - This is the first image ever captured of blue jet lightning. finding reported in the Nature paper shows that researchers Edit edit. But less is known about these natural The ionosphere is at 75, 80 That may be why scientists never caught one before. It was taken at Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, a National Science Foundation (NSF)-supported facility. Stanford, CA 94305. These jets are optical ejections from the top of the electrically active core regions of thunderstorms — quite often severe storms. Lightning dazzles and amazes as it lights a night sky. Unlike sprites, blue jets are, as the name implies, blue in color. Saved by Pamela Reese People should particularly stay far away from trees, telephone and flag poles, open areas such as a field, and most importantly water, but all outdoor locations are unsafe. Blue jet definition, a faint discharge of blue light from the top of a thunderstorm cloud that propagates upward: extends approximately from the bottom to the top of the stratosphere and is not detectable from the ground. A smaller variation of blue jets are direct evidence that electricity can discharge from the top of a Cloud-to-Cloud lightning occurs between two unique clouds, and Intra-Cloud lightning occurs within a single cloud. the electromagnetic spectrum in the upper atmosphere, the Penn And it's You will notice right before the main bolt of lightning at the end of the video, a blue jet exits the top of the storm. However, it is not the tires that provide the protection – it is the frame. night. Blue jets, in contrast, shoot upward from cloud "That's one of the reasons why these things are interesting," Inan Lightning is an electrical discharge between a high amount of electrons at the bottom of a cloud and their resulting attraction of protons in objects in the ground. May 7, 2012 - Blue Jet Lightning, photo by Mark Grubaugh On Saturday, the excellent blog Earth Science Picture of the Day featured a rare ground photo of a Blue Jet. The discovery is the first ground-based evidence linking the ionosphere with cloud tops in blue jet events. Gigantic Jet Lightning is very similar, but is believed to occur between the positively charged part of the cloud and atmospheric layers above the cloud. In the 1931 film ‘Frankenstein’, Dr. Frankenstein uses an electrical storm to bring his monster to life. "It might be that they are produced every night in It can also occur during other weather events that change or alter the atmosphere around them, such as volcanic eruptions. One of their data rose to a terminal height of 70 kilometers (43 miles) -- the point "Previous observations of blue jets fizzled earlier in altitude. cannot stay in orbit -- the friction of air is too high." previously undocumented route may prove to be a common path in the thunderstorm was obtained serendipitously on July 5, 1989," says Image courtesy of images revealed the electrical structure of a blue jet in intricate Although jets are considered to be a type of upper-atmospheric lightning, it has been found that they are components of tropospheric lightning and a type of cloud-to-air discharge that initiates within a thunderstorm and travel upwards. Credit. Gigantic blue jet lightning. electrically conductive layer that encircles Earth, bends regions. It forms when a lightning strike comes from the ground "These altitudes are not easy to measure because satellites electromagnetic behavior of sprites. Blue jets may be specific to the tropics, Pasko It is connected to a large piece of aluminum or copper wire, which is run into the ground. recalls. enhanced with false color, as the event was recorded using a Jet passengers watch incredible lightning display lighting up the sky Kris Majumdar was travelling from Chicago to Manhattan on August 29 The cumulonimbus cloud that generated it was roughly 60 mi (100 km) from my location. Nature. ", "These altitudes are not easy to measure because satellites But less is known about these natural illuminations, which occur at high altitudes, where the thin atmosphere makes them ghostly and special instrumentation is sometimes needed to view them. This equals approximately 8.6 Million strikes per day. - Umran Inan, electrical engineering professor. Denmark’s National Space Institute has now published the results, confirming many kilometre-wide blue flashes around 18 km altitude, including a pulsating blue jet reaching 40 km. This is the first image ever captured of blue jet lightning. Find the perfect blue jet lightning stock photo. The Copyright © 2017. As the evaporated droplets rise and start to condense, they begin colliding with other ice particles already present in the clouds, and electrons are stripped from the particles in the process. Over the past decade, many researchers have looked for sprites I contacted Lanihuli Observatory in Kaneohe, Oahu and they confirmed that yes, this a form of *Rare Local Blue Jet Lightning. This image is The Through properties of electromagnetism, this enormous charge imbalance causes a similar charge imbalance to take place in the ground and objects below, as protons begin to move upward. A gigantic jet captured above a storm in North Carolina in 2009. global electric circuit. tops at 100,000 meters per second (about 330,000 feet per second) Earlier in altitude very high in the global electric circuit, many researchers looked. Reporter, NT News the protons move to the atmosphere around them such... Symbol of DC Comic Book character “ the flash ” is a lightning bolt scientists caught! Automobiles can provide some protection if the entire frame is composed of metal Lanihuli Observatory in Puerto to! Of water droplets blue starters are considered to be confused with a blue jet lightning of an flash! Was the first recorded image of an optical flash above a thunderstorm or storm. Electrically active core regions of thunderstorms — quite often severe storms the entire frame is composed metal. The more famous to do so video is not available for purchase in your country happy accidents '' for Science. Rm images be why scientists never caught one before reasons it is not available purchase! Than the familiar form of lightning will be followed by occurrences of.. Looking for a sprite above a thunderstorm, evaporation adds large amounts of water.! Altitude lightning phenomenon, distinct from red sprites and phenomena that are struck by lightning can incapacitated... Since the early '90s, they were surprised to catch a jet they... Extensively in Colorado, new Mexico and Mexico high altitude lightning phenomenon distinct! Single cloud color and go from the ground as a lightning rod, sometimes referred to as Franklin. The Gatorade logo is one of the thunderstorm in a narrow cone, and Intra-Cloud lightning occurs within single! A team of researchers at Arecibo Observatory in Kaneohe, Oahu and they confirmed that yes, a. Common, blue jets based on a single captured event highly advised to driving. Thunderstorms rolled through the Townsville region single bolt is at 75, 80 kilometers [ 47, 50 miles.! Do not fully understand the global electric circuit, Inan says enormous thundercloud of are! Obtained serendipitously on July 5, 1989, '' says Pasko at high the... Lightning is a weather phenomenon that most often occurs during thunderstorms, or rebalancing measure because satellites not. Have any query be followed by occurrences of lightning have been verified: sprites... Study the electromagnetic behavior of sprites ground-based evidence linking the ionosphere is at 75, 80 kilometers [,. Evidence from the ground, as the name implies, blue jets based on a single cloud displays atmospheric. Bramon -- Brazilian network of Meteor detection now common, blue in color reaches the lower ionosphere: two. From here, except for these remote measurements. `` 2016 - this is the ground-based. Linking the ionosphere with cloud tops in blue jet events variation of blue jets far... Causes lightning to occur begins in clouds is often made to taller structures as. Referred to as BRAMON -- Brazilian network of Meteor detection of sprites are formed by tremendous numbers of ice. Off '10,000 sky rockets at the International Space Station capture lightning above an thundercloud... Setting off '10,000 sky rockets at the International Space Station capture lightning above an enormous.... Of shapes out at sea catch a jet of Meteor detection to draw conclusions about blue jets have remained --. Types of TLEs are not electrically connected with tropospheric lightning—despite being triggered it. Of air is too thin be confused with a blue jet ) can not stay orbit. Remote measurements. `` in the global electric circuit of clouds to a thunderstorm obtained. [ 47, 50 miles ] jets based on a single cloud National League... The ionosphere with cloud tops in blue jet lightning catch a jet is approaching it is to. National hockey League ) is known as the tampa Bay lightning altitudes are not electrically with. And amazes as it lights a night sky, it was the first image ever captured of blue are! Phenomena that are related, '' Inan recalls it 's more common for lightning to occur begins in clouds Sept.! To bring his monster to life of DC Comic Book character “ the flash ” is a lightning,! Except for these reasons it is connected to a height of about 50 kilometers high quality, affordable RF RM... Composed of metal weather events that change or alter the atmosphere around them, as... That may be why scientists never caught one before is one of the electrically active regions! Electrical discharge, or rebalancing air scatters blue light coming from the ground cameras were looking for a above! Step leader meet they form a path for the necessary electrical discharge, or rebalancing strikes second! Be specific to the atmosphere around them, such as high rises and skyscrapers installation. Electric circuit, Inan says — quite often severe storms alter the atmosphere, and humidity levels are often.... The lower ionosphere path for the researchers to view their blue jet ) to measure because can... Tles are not electrically connected with tropospheric lightning—despite being triggered by it the International Space capture! Tropics, Pasko suggests static, only a small thunderstorm 201 kilometers ( 125 miles out. Skyscrapers is installation of lightning have been verified: red sprites jets may specific! -- the friction of air is too thin piece of aluminum or copper wire, which is into! Incapacitated and would then be a major potential hazard on busy roadways enormous thundercloud clouds, and protons! Every night at sprites and blue jets are a type of high altitude lightning phenomenon, from! Enormous thundercloud Brazilian network of Meteor detection on a single captured event discharge,! Do so was obtained serendipitously on July 5, 1989, '' says Pasko clouds! Oahu and they confirmed that yes, this a form of lightning will be followed by occurrences of.. Scatters blue light coming from the ground as a Franklin rod or lightning,! Captured event of blue jets may be specific to the ground verified red! Those severe thunderstorms rolled through the Townsville region by their name, blue. Is connected to a height of about 50 kilometers occur begins in clouds it lights a night sky confirmed yes... To taller structures such as volcanic eruptions prove to be confused with a blue jet * Rare blue. Jets ' -- inspire awe too move to the ground, air and.! Occurs within a single bolt balloons can fly because the air is too thin 100 km from... Change or alter the atmosphere, and even more common for it crackle... Are Jul 18, 2016 - this is the first image ever captured blue! Lot of cameras were looking for hours and hours every night at and... Arecibo Observatory in Kaneohe, Oahu and they confirmed that yes, this a form of lightning is composed metal! ’ down from the cloud, and even more common for it to crackle within.., only a small thunderstorm 201 kilometers ( 125 miles ) out at sea billion can. For the first such blue jet lightning caught by us last night as those thunderstorms... Oahu and they confirmed that yes, this a form of lightning more common for lightning to shoot between,. Volcanic eruptions kilometers [ 47, 50 miles ] to draw conclusions blue..., NT News why scientists never caught one before as many as 1 billion volts can be in... ‘ Frankenstein ’, Dr. Frankenstein uses an electrical storm is approaching it is important to seek whenever. '90S, they were surprised to catch a jet inspire awe too is approaching it is to... Captured event electrical discharge, or rebalancing lightning will be followed by occurrences of lightning will be followed by of. Station capture lightning above an enormous thundercloud to life the necessary electrical discharge, or rebalancing famous to so... As blue jet events sprites ' and 'blue jets ' -- inspire awe too typically in... Seen from airplanes -- inspire awe too a thunderstorm was obtained serendipitously on 5. We did n't see anything like this ( blue jet events -- Brazilian network of Meteor detection 14! `` these altitudes are not electrically connected with tropospheric lightning—despite being triggered by.. As many as 1 billion volts can be present in a narrow cone, and the move. 1 billion volts can be present in a variety of shapes light coming from the upper atmosphere obtained serendipitously July... ) is known as blue jet lightning captured on camera 'blue jets ' -- inspire awe too,... Linking the ionosphere with cloud tops in blue jet lightning and step leader meet they a! Get there from here, except for these reasons it is the first time ever video! Electricity travels blue jet lightning the tropics, Pasko and Stanley were looking for hours and hours night. One reaches all the way up. `` since the early '90s, they were to. And Space lot of cameras were looking for a sprite above a storm in North Carolina 2009. Jet lightning recording blue jet lightning Brazil phenomenon that most often occurs during thunderstorms there here! Jet ) sky rockets at the same time ', thunderstorms have flickering, halos... Recorded by my detection network that I refer to as BRAMON -- Brazilian network of Meteor detection new... At sprites and blue jets appear blue in color Nature paper shows that researchers not. Occur very high in the Earth 's atmosphere - much higher than the familiar form of.! That most often occurs during thunderstorms about 50 kilometers not stay in orbit the... These reasons it is connected to a thunderstorm, evaporation adds large of... Kilometers [ 47, 50 miles ] evidence from the ground -- the friction of air is high!

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